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KIRAN’S UPSC MAINS GS PAPER II SHORT NOTES ENGLISH

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"Kiran’s UPSC Mains GS Paper II Short Notes English

Vikas Sangwan (IPS 2017 Batch)

Short Notes :-

Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International Relations

How to Score Consistently high marks in UPSC Mains G.S. Papers. Score 450+ Marks

CONTENT: GS-II
Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International Relations

India Secularism
Federal Structure
Federalism and issues
Politicization of Governors - Appointment and Removal
Should Governor be Impeached like Judges?
Equal Representation of States in the Rajya Sabha
Inter-State Water Conflicts Constitutional and Legal Framework
Sarkaria Commission Observations and Recommendations
Inter-State Water Disputes (Amendment) Act, 2002
Satluj Yamuna Link - Haryana Punjab dispute
Ravi Beas Case
Cauvery Dispute
Lessons from Tribunal Experience and Suggestions
Inter State Water Disputes (Amendment) Bill, 2011
Need of Rajya Sabha
Article 370
Special Category Status (SCS)
Local Governance
MPLADS Scheme
73rd and 74th constitutional amendments - issue of women representation
Some provisions to augment financial resources of municipalities
Direct election for Mayor
Urban planning and Local democracy
5th and 6th Schedule
Executive, Legislature, Parliament and Separation of Powers
Power of Lieutenant Governors in UT
Misuse of Ordinance making powers (Art 123 and Art 213)
Legislative Councils
Death Penalty:
Judiciary, Ministries and Departments and Dispute Resolution Mechanisms
Judicial Activism
Judges Appointment
NJAC 2013 Bill
Memorandum of Procedure (MoP) for appointment of judges:
Removal of Judges - Per Constitution of India:
Alternative dispute redressal (ADR)
Elections, RPA
Foreign Funding of Political Parties (FCRA changes)
Budget 2017 Electoral Reforms proposed
Electoral Reforms
Constitutional, Statutory, Quasi-Judicial, Regulatory bodies
Constitutional Bodies
            CAG

            Election Commission

Statutory, Quasi-Judicial, Others
            Statutory

            Quasi-Judicial

            CVC

            The National Human Rights Commission (NHRC)

Quasi - judicial
            NCDRC

            NGT

Regulatory Bodies
Films and TV
Governance & Social Justice
Gov, e-Gov, Citizen charters
Fodder
e-Gov
What is governance
            e-Governance

            m-Governance

Citizen Charter
PRAGATI (Pro-Active Governance And Timely Implementation) platform
Digital India Programme (DIP)
UID or Aadhaar Project
National e-Governance Plan (NeGP)
Role of civil services in democracy
Importance and functions performed by Civil servants
Prosecution of Civil Servants
Central Civil Services (Conduct) Rules 1964
Domain based lateral entry in higher civil services
Civil Services Role in a Democracy
Prakash Singh vs UOI (2006)
Role of NGO, SHG, donors, charities and others
NGO
NGO & Donors:
Self Help Groups
Child (Welfare Schemes)
Vulnerable Sections (general):
Child Issues
Child labour
National Action Plan for Children, 2016 (NAPC)
Women   
Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act (MTPA) 1971
Domestic Violence or Intimate Partner Violence (IPV)
Women trafficking
Paid Domestic Workers
Women Empowerment
Pre-Conception and Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques Act, 1994
HR, Skill, Youth, Employment, Sports
Sports 78
NSDF/ TOP
Khelo India Scheme
Drug abuse
BCCI reforms
Justice R.M. Lodha Committee 2016 report- on functioning of BCCI (Report on Cricket Reforms)
Senior Citizens
National Centre for Ageing
Vayoshreshtha Samman
Constitutional Provisions and Acts
Disabled Persons
Constitutional Provisions and Acts
The Marrakesh VIP Treaty of WIPO (World Intellectual Property Organisation)
Minorities, SC/STs, OBC and others
Bezada Wilson 
Caste System and Unaccountability (ex-Untouchables/dalits/downtrodden)
Tribal rights and issues
Xaxa Committee 2014
Dalit Capitalism:
Tribals
SC and STs  Economic Empowerment
Van Bandhu Kalyan Yojana
Backward Classes (OBC)
Religious Minorities
Sexual Minorities
Transgender Policy
Denotified and Nomadic Tribes (DNTs)
Education
Education for girls
4 pillars of education
Pre-school Programme
Primary education (I to V) and Elementary education (I to VIII)
SSA
RTE Act 2009
Annual Status of Education Report (ASER) 2014
No Detention Policy (NDP) under RTE
T.S.R. Subramanian on New Education Policy (NEP) 2016
Higher Education
NEET
Low global Ranking of higher educational institutions
Global Initiative of Academic Networks’ (GIAN) by MHRD
Healthcare 
National Health Profile 2015
National Health Policy 2017
Lifestyle diseases/ Non Communicable Diseases/ NCD/ Chronic diseases
National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme
Draft National Health Policy 2015
Mental Health Policy 2014
National Health Mission
National AYUSH Mission
Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana (RSBY)
Sterilization/Family Planning
Infant
Mission Indradhanush
Leprosy
Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY)
Janani Shishu Suraksha Karyakram (JSSK)
Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana (PMSSY)
Global Call to Action Summit 2015
Medical tourism in India
Tax on Tobacco
Mobile-health initiatives (mHealth)
WIFS (Weekly Iron and Folic acid Supplementation)
Poverty and Hunger
Committees on Poverty Line:
      Tendulkar Committees

      Rangarajan

MNREGA Scheme
National Urban Livelihood mission
Public Distribution System:
NFSA 2013:
Global Hunger Index (GHI) 2016
Water and Rivers
Ganga
National Council for River Ganga (Rejuvenation, Protection and Management) 2016, 
Yamuna:
      Yamuna Action Plan (YAP)

Urban     
Housing:
AMRUT - Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation
Rural       
Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (SAGY)
Shyama Prasad Mukherji Rurban Mission (SPMRM)
PM Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY)
LARR (Amendment Bill) 2013:
SC verdict on Land Acquisition (2016)
North East
      Bezbaruah Committee:

Bills     
Anti Trafficking Bill 2018
Draft Trafficking of Persons (Prevention, Protection and Rehabilitation) Bill 2016
IIM Bill 2017
International Child Abduction Bill, 2016 / Untraceable Kids/ Missing Children
HIV and AIDS (Prevention and Control) Bill, 2014
Citizenship (amendment) bill, 2016
National Medical Commission Bill 2016 (draft Proposed by NITI Aayog)
Mental Health Bill 2016 (Passed by RS; Pending in LS)
Maternity Benefit (Amendment) Bill, 2016 (amends Act 1961)
Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) bill 2014 
Lokpal and Lokayukta Act, 2013
Amendment Bill 2016 
The Medical Treatment of Terminally ill Patients Bill 2016
Draft National Water Framework Bill 2016
Delhi (Right of Citizen to Time-Bound Delivery of Services) Amendment Bill 2015
Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code 2016
Commercial Courts, Commercial Division and Commercial Appellate Division of High Courts Act, 2015
Arbitration and Conciliation Act (Amendment) Bill 2015
The Geospatial Information Regulation Bill, 2016
Compensatory Afforestation Fund (CAF) (amendment) Bill, 2015
Enemy Property Bill, 2016 (Passed in both houses)
The Regional Centre for Biotechnology Bill, 2016 (under Ministry of S&T)
Maharashtra Prohibition of Social Boycott Act, 2016
Factories (Amendment) bill 2014
The National Waterway Act 2016
Gujarat Labour Laws Bill 2016
Gujarat Control of Terrorism and Organized Crime Bill (GCTOC) 2015
Model Shops and Establishments Act 2015
Real Estate (Regulation and Development) Bill, 2016
GST (Goods & Services Tax) CAA 122nd 2016 
Aadhaar (Targeted Delivery of Subsidies, Benefits and Services) Act, 2016
The Payments of Bonus Act of 2015
Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of children) Act 2015
The Whistle Blowers Protection (Amendment) Bill 2015
Official Secrets Act, 1923 provisions in contravention to RTI 2005
Road Transport and Safety Bill 2014
Consumer Protection Bill 2015 (replaces Consumer Protection Act, 1986)
Bureau of Indian Standards Bill, 2015
Black Money (Undisclosed Foreign Income and Assets) and Imposition of Tax Act, 2015
SC/ST(Prevention of Atrocities Act) PoAA 1989 - Amendment Act 2015
Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Amendment Act 2016
The Rights of Persons with Disabilities Bill, 2014 (pending in Parl)
The Benami Transactions (Prohibition) Amendment Bill, 2015 (amends 1998 act)
Prevention of Corruption (Amendment bill 2013) Act 1988
Landmark judicial decisions:
General Issues

Racism
Right to life, De-criminalisation of section 309 (attempt to Suicide):
5 year Plan (FYP) to 15 year
Criminal Defamation (Sec 499, 500 IPC)/Sedition/Freedom of Speech
Sedition - 124A of IPC
Section 295(A) of IPC
Section 199(2) to (4) of CrPC
Forest Fires
Nation/Nationalism/ JNU controversy
Commercial surrogacy
Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) bill 2014 
Uniform Civil Code
Prison reforms
Antiquities
Shyam Benegal Committee on framework for certification of films and revamp of CBFC (Central Board of Film Certification)
Triple Talaq
RTI 2005- Right to information - a new activism (10 yrs of success)
Water Crisis/ Shortage/ Drought
Simultaneous elections Lok Sabha and Legislative assemblies/ Electoral reforms
Good Samaritans
Labour reforms
Black Money
Kingfisher fiasco (Vijay Mallya) / GSPC - KG Basin scam
CSR - Corporate Social Responsibility
Medical Council of India (MCI)
President rule
Limits on the usage of money bill (Aadhar bill controversy):
Odd-Even Scheme for Delhi Transport
HUL Kodikanal (TN) Mercury poisoning case
Women and religion
Religion and Women
Women and conflicts with rights
Kambala
Jallikattu
Death Penalty Convicts
Alcohol Ban
Dress code in temple
Overuse of Cess
Rising Intolerance
Tipu Sultan controversy
Beef ban
Dam Rehabilitation and Improvement Project (DRIP)
Reservation System
Sex Determination/ Falling Sex ratio
SDG 2015
Net Neutrality/ TRAI/ Differential pricing
Gov. Policies / Mission
Smart Cities
AMRUT
National Food Security Mission (NFSM) - Under Ministry of Agriculture & Family Welfare
NFSA - National Food Security Act - under Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public distribution
Direct benefit Transfer - DBT (world’s largest DBT scheme)
LPG/PAHAL
Kerosene
Fertilizers
Make in India
        Ease of doing business: 

        FDI

        Intellectual Property Facts:

        National Manufacturing

Sanitation
SBA (Swachh Bharat Abhiyaan) 2014
Swachh Survekshan
Deendayal Upadhyay Swaniyojan Yojana (DUSY)
Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Antyodaya Yojana’- DAY
Shyama Prasad Mukherji Rurban Mission (SPMRM)
Project ‘Mausam’
Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana (Gramin) to achieve Housing for All by 2022
Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana (Urban) - (earlier as Housing for All 2022)
Social Economic and Caste Census (SECC) 2011
Declining CSR/ Child Sex Ratio/ Saving Girl Child
Beti Bachao-Beti Padhao (BBBP)
Sukanya Samridhi Yojna
MNREGA / MGNREGA
National Hydrology Project (NHP)
Scheme / Examples
International relations
India and its Neighbours
  India-Bangladesh

  India-Myanmar

  India-Bhutan

  India-Maldives

  India-Nepal

  India-Sri Lanka

  India-Pakistan

  India-Afghanistan

  India-Mauritius

India-Africa
India-Australia
India-Central Asia
India-China
India-Europe
India-UK
India-Germany
India-EU
India-Japan
India-Middle East, West Asia
Iran-Saudi Arabia conflict
India-Saudi Arabia
India-UAE
India-Kuwait
India-Iran
India-Oman 
India-Qatar
India-Israel
India-Russia
Indian Ocean Region (IOR)
India-US
India-LAC
India-Look East Policy
      India-Cambodia

      N-Korea

      India-South korea

      India-Brunei

      India-Malaysia

      India-Thailand

      India-Singapore

      India-Fiji

      India-Vietnam

Role of Diaspora in Indian dev
Nuclear Initiatives
North Korea’s Hydrogen Bomb test (Jan 2016)
India-Pacific
Indian Ocean Rim Association for Regional Cooperation (IOR-ARC) now IORA          NAM relevance
Internatinal Conventions, Agreements......
Trade Facilitation Agreement (TFA) of WTO
      TFA in services (TFS) - India’s Perspective:

      Mega-regional trade agreements:

      RCEP (Regional Cooperation for Economic Partnership) - underway

      Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) - underway

WTO
      Nairobi Summit 2015

      11th WTO ministerial meet - Buenos Aires Dec 2017

Maritime Issues
UNSC membership to India:
IR Organisations and others
Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC)
ASEAN-India
India - EU summit 2016 (Brussels, Belgium)
8th BRICS Summit 2016
Human Rights Watch (HRW)
Amnesty International
International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (ITLOS) - seat (Hamburg, Germany)
      The UNCLOS convention

Kaladan Multi-Modal Transit Transport Project
India–Myanmar–Thailand Trilateral Highway
United States Commission on International Religious Freedom (USCIRF)
Hague Convention
Raisina Dialogue
Shangri-La (hotel) Dialogue 2016 - Singapore
Manama Declaration 2016
Reports  
International Institutions
IAEA
Nuclear Supplier Group (NSG)
NPT
Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT)
Missile Technology Controls Regime (MTCR)
Wassenaar Arrangement (Netherlands)
The Australia Group
Hague Code of Conduct against Ballistic Missile Proliferation (HCoC)
4th Nuclear Security Summit(NSS) 2016, Washington DC, US
IMF
BRICS
SCO
Shanghai Co-operation Organisation, HQ: Beijing
APEC
AIIB
ADB
NDB
RIC (Russia-India-China)
International Seabed Authority (ISA)
The Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC)     "