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Kiran’s UPSC Mains GS Paper III Short Notes English

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"Kirans UPSC Mains GS Paper III Short Notes English
Vikas Sangwal (IPS 2017 Batch)
Economy
Infra and Energy
Agriculture
Technology and BIO Science
Space and Defence
Internal Security
Environment
Disaster Management

INDIAN ECONOMY
Fact sheet
UNCTAD - World Investment Report 2016
WEF -  Global Competitiveness Report 2016
Subsidy (Food, Fertilizer, Petroleum)
Masala bonds
INDIAN ECONOMY/POLICIES/ISSUES
Indian Economy state
Indias edge over China
Fall in exports
4th Industrial Revolution
National Capital Goods Policy (2016-2025)
Tax-to-GDP ratio
Municipal bonds
Disinvestment Policy
NITI Aayog reco
National Investment Fund (into Public Account of India)
Indias Export performance
FOREIGN TRADE POLICY 2015-2020
Steps to boost exports
Subsidies for well-offs
INTL ECONOMY AND ITS EFFECTS
Globalisation in threat
Causes of low global growth
US Fed interest rates and its impact
Oil Imports, falling prices and its effects
Yuan added to Reserve currency basket (anchor currency)
Global Excess steel Capacity
Market Economy Status (MES)
US Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act (FATCA)
ECONOMY AND BUSINESS REFORMS
Opening economy to bring FDI
FDI reforms
Ease of doing ranking
100% FDI in e-commerce retail
100% FDI in Single brand Retail (30% local sourcing criteria)
Indias New GDP Series 2011-12 by CSO
Gold Schemes - 2015
FISCAL AND MONETARY POLICY
Monetary Policy reforms
Monetary Policy Committee (MPC)
 Public Debt Mgmt (moving away from RBI)
 Marginal (variable) Cost of funds based Lending Rate (MCLR)
 FCNR (Foreign Currency Non-Resident) Account
 Fiscal Discipline and to grow or not to grow?
FRBM Act 2003
TAXATION 
Income (direct) tax
Report of Tax Administration Reforms Commission (TARC) headed by Dr. Parthsarathi Shome
Double Taxation Avoidance Agreements (DTAA)/ Double non-taxation/ Tax avoidance
Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS) Project
Transfer Pricing
Participatory Notes or P-Notes or PN / ODI
Income Declaration Scheme (IDS)/ unearth Black Money Scheme 2016
Demonetization of 500/1000 Rs note
Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojana, 2016
Advanced Pricing Agreement (APA)
Exit Policy for sick Units
BANKING AND FINANCIAL INCLUSION
Non Performing Assets (NPA)
 Reasons behind NPA bubble
 Steps taken to tackle NPA
 SARFAESI Act 2002
 P J Nayak Committee 2014 ( Report on governance of banks’ boards)
 Raghuram Rajan Committee - 2008
 B.N. Srikrishna Committee- 2013
 The twin balance sheet (TBS) syndrome
 Corporate Bond Market
MUDRA Bank (a subsidiary of Small Industries Development Bank of India - SIDBI)
Payment Bank
The India Post Payment Bank (IPPB)
Bandhan Banks
Regional Rural Bank (RRB)
Priority Sector Lending (PSL)
PSB Consolidation and Merger
Govt Debt-to-GDP ratio
Financial Inclusion 
Financial Inclusion Models
Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana (PMJDY)
Shift from Cash to electronic payments/Cashless economy/ Less Cash
Moving to Digital Currencies
Report of Committee on Digital Payments - R P Watal
Unified Payment Interface (UPI)
e-wallets
INDUSTRIAL POLICY AND INDUSTRIES
National Manufacturing Policy (NMP) 2011 under Make in India
Technology Acquisition and Development Fund (TADF)
ZED scheme (Zero Defect Zero Effect)
MSME sector / Small firms don’t grow big
Apparel/textile Sector
Incentives to Textiles sector (Tax and output based incentives)
Leather industry
SEZ
Need for an Industrial Policy to stimulate domestic job creation
SIDE ECONOMY (E-COMMERCE)
STARTUP/ E BIZ
StandUp India Scheme (timeline 3 yrs)
Atal Innovation Mission (AIM) and Self Employment and Talent Utilisation (SETU) by NITI
PHARMA 
Indian Generic Pharma
National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority (NPPA)
Katoch Committee on Bulk drugs / Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients (API)
SEZ  
COMMISSIONS
TAX/OTHER DISPUTES/ TAX TERRORISM
Tax Terrorism
GAAR : General Anti-Avoidance Rules 
Vodafone-Hutchison tax case
India as global arbitration Hub
Antrix-Devas Case
GROWTH, DEVELOPMENT AND EMPLOYMENT;
INCLUSIVE GROWTH; GOVT BUDGETING
Unemployment and its types
GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT
Jobless Growth
Structural changes India’s emp structure
Integration with Global economy
Policy Reforms - Economic Growth - Social Welfare
INCLUSIVE GROWTH
BUDGETING
Merger of Railway Budget with General budget
Advancement of the Budget presentation
Merger of Plan and Non Plan classification in Budget and Accounts
Gender Budgeting (GB)
IPR, INNOVATION, OTHERS
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS
World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO) - HQ Geneva
Intellectual property rights
National IPR Policy 2016 - ”Creative India - Innovative India” by CIPAM, DIPP
Delhi HC verdict on Photocopy shops vs Copyright Act 1957 (writers) Rameshwari Photocopy case
Compulsory License/ Compulsory Drug Licensing - section 84 of Patents Act 1970
INFRASTRUCTURE
GENERAL/ INFRASTRUCTURE/INVESTMENT MODELS
Hybrid Annuity Model
Swiss Challenge Method
Government has introduced Hybrid Annuity Model (HAM) to rejuvenate PPP
Nehru-Mahalanobis Model of economic growth
PPP in infra
National Investment and Infrastructure Fund (NIIF)
LEEP - Logistics Efficiency Enhancement Programme
COMMUNICATIONS
FM stations / Community Radios on News broadcasting
Call drops
Bharat Net Project
GENERAL TRANSPORT
Urban transport needs
PORTS/ WATERWAYS/ SHIPPING
Inland Water Transport (IWT)
Inter-linking of River (ILR)/National River Linking Project (NRLP)
Constitutional Provisions: “Water”
Blue Economy
Dr B Meena Kumari Commission on Deep Sea fishing
Maritime India Summit 2016 (Mumbai)
River Information System (RIS)
National Oil Spill –Disaster Contingency Plan (NOS-DCP) 
Draft bill Central Port Authorities Act 2016
ROADWAYS
Vijay Kelkar Committee on “Revitalizing PPP model of Infrastructure development ”(Dec 2015)
National Road Safety Authority
Satellite technology to help NHAI monitor highway projects
RAILWAYS 
National Rail Plan 2030 - railways multiplier effect
Rail Development Authority of India (proposed rail tariff and safety regulator)
High Level Safety Review Committee under Anil Kakodkar
Railways development
Bibek Debroy Committee
Dedicated Freight Corridors (DFC)
Diamond Quadrilateral
AIRLINES 
Draft Civil Aviation Policy 2015
UDAN (Ude Desh ka Aam Nagrik) - 1st Regional Connectivity Scheme launched by GOI.
INFRA - ENERGY, MINES AND MINERALS
ENERGY 
Domestic Efficient Lighting Programme (DELP) renamed as UJALA (Unnat Jyoti by Affordable LEDs for all) scheme
Power Tariff Policy 2016
Environment
Ease of Doing Business
Policy for Small/Marginal Fields of oil and gas blocks of ONGC and OIL
Domestic Natural Gas Pricing
Gas hydrate discovered in Bay of Bengal
Hydrocarbon Vision 2030 for North East
Smart Grid
Ujwal DISCOM Assurance Yojana - (UDAY)
Deen Dayal Upadhyay Gram Jyoti Yojana (DDUGJY)
SOLAR ENERGY
Advantages of solar energy
International Solar Alliance (ISA)
Reasons for fall in tariff of Solar energy 
Fall in Wind tariffs
Whats the Domestic Content Requirements (DCR) issue?
Solar Energy
Draft National Wind-Solar Hybrid Policy
HYDEL POWER
WIND ENERGY
NUCLEAR ENERGY
Proposed Nuclear Power plant in Andhra Pradesh
Indias 3 stage Nuclear Power Programme
Civil Liability Law and CSC ratification
International Conventions on Liability
Amendment in Atomic Energy Act 1962
COAL  
Reserves
Independent Coal Regulatory Authority Bill, 2013
OIL/PETROL/GAS
Strategic Crude Oil Reserve Programme
MINES AND MINERALS
MM(DR)A 2016
Pradhan Mantri Khanij Kshetr Kalyan Yojana (PMKKKY)
National Mineral Exploration Policy (NMEP) 
National Steel Policy 2017 (NSP 2017)
AGRICULTURE
GENERAL AGRICULTURE/CROP/FARMER 
ISSUES 
Swaminathan Commission report
Shanta Kumar committees (2015) recommendation
Nava Dhanya scheme (in drought prone AP) -mixed crop cultivation
Agri-Marketing and Farmer Friendly Reforms Index by Niti Aayog
Commodity Futures Market to Farmers
Agricultural sector reeling from 2 successive years of drought/Deficit Monsoon
Post harvest losses (Lack of transport n/w and cold storage)
Agri growth concerns/ Doubling Farm income/ Farmer Suicide
Why reforms elude agriculture?
Rising prices of Pulses
Jute price rise
Sugarcane cultivation
MAJOR CROPPING PATTERNS IN PARTS OF COUNTRY
IRRIGATION TYPES/SYSTEMS
PM Krishi Sinchai Yojana (PMKSY)
Accelerated Irrigation Benefits Programme (AIBP)
Micro Irrigation
CROP INSURANCE
Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY) 2016:
APMC/ NAM and related issues
National Agri Market (NAM)
Contract Farming
E-TECH IN AID OF FARMERS
CROP PRICING (MSP) AND SUBSIDY ISSUES (DIRECT AND INDIRECT FARM SUBSIDY)
Minimum Support Price (MSP)
Problems with implementation of MSP (NITI Aayog report)
Deficiency payment System
Fertilizer Subsidy
Purpose of NBS scheme
PDS - OBJECTIVES, FUNCTIONING, LIMITATIONS, REVAMPING
ISSUES OF BUFFER STOCKS AND FOOD SECURITY 
Effect of Climate Change on Food Security
Effect of climate change on small farmers
TECHNOLOGY MISSIONS
ECONOMICS OF ANIMAL REARING
Livestock
Fisheries
50 years of Milk Revolution (1967-2017)/ Operation Flood
Agro/Food processing and related industries : Location, SCM; Organic farming
Food Processing/ Horticulture
Mega Food Park Scheme
Organic farming
National Mission on Oilseeds and Oil Palm (NMOOP)
GOVT. SCHEMES
National Bio-Fuel Policy
National Project on Aquifer Management (NAQUIM)
Green Revolution
LAND REFORMS
Land Ownership rights for women
Model Act for Farm Land Lease
Broad framework of Model Act
Land reforms
Rights to Tribal communities
NSSO report on Land holdings
Rajasthan Urban Land (Certification of Titles) Bill 2016
Land Reforms - Kerala
TECH, COMPUTER, ROBOTICS
Bar code vs QR code
Hyperloop transportation system
Dhruva-3
Internet of Things (IOT)
Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers - ICANN
Project Loon (Googles balloons)
Graphene
IIT-M has come up with an idea to convert brackish water into drinking water
Big Data Concept
Bitcoin
Blockchains
NANOTECHNOLOGY TO RECREATE BONES
Microbeads
Nano Mission
Nano technology
BIOSCIENCES
Microbeads
Bioprospecting
Biopiracy
Worlds 1st 3-parent baby born
Labs / Research institutions directed to self finance
Poorly regulated Drug Industry
Anti-biotic resistance
Anti Microbial Resistance
Fixed Drug Combination (FDC)
Regenerative Medicines
BioSimilars
SPACE & EARTH SCIENCES
GSLV-09/South Asia Satellite
PSLV 
Indias first space start- up: Earth2Orbit
Indian Satellite
Application of Satellites
 Remote Sensing/ Earth Observation
 Navigation
 Satellite Communication
Potential Use of Space technology for benefit of common man
South Asia Satellite (Weather forecasting) for region -  GSAT-9
Chandrayaan II mission
Solar flare
Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS)
Reusable Launch-Vehicle - Technology Demonstrator (RLV-TD)
Augmented reality application ‘Sakaar’
Antrix Corporation Limited (Miniratna)
Bhuvan Portal
GAGAN (GPS Aided Geo Augmented Navigation) System
Cartosat -2C
ASTROSAT
Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) - Mangalyaan
Gravitational Waves detected by LIGO (Laser Interferometer Gravitational wave Observatory)
Indian Neutrino Observatory (INO) project, in Bodi West hills of Theni (TN)
Cryogenic engine
Outer Space Treaty 1967
ISROs Launch Vehicles- Growth of Capability
GLSV Mark III
DEFENCE 
Cold start Doctrine
Indias Defence Exports “Make in India”
Dhirendra Singh Committee 
Defence Procurement Procedure (DPP) 2016
FDI in Defence
INTERNAL SECURITY
LINKAGE B/W DEVELOPMENT AND SPREAD OF EXTREMISM ROLE OF EXTERNAL STATE/NON-STATE ACTORS IN CREATING INTERNAL SECURITY CHALLENGES 
Manipur economic blockade by UNC (United Naga Council)
Nagaland/Kohima violence
Red Corridor
LWE areas
Benefits to Asylum seekers
Maharashtra Protection of Internal Security Act, 2016 (Draft)
Non-Traditional Security Challenges
North East Insurgency and links with development
Anti-national activities at universities
AFSPA, 1958
Justice Jeevan Reddy Commission 2004
CHALLENGES TO INTERNAL SECURITY THROUGH COMMUNICATION NETWORKS, ROLE OF 
MEDIA AND SOCIAL NETWORKING SITES IN INTERNAL SECURITY CHALLENGES, BASICS OF CYBER SECURITY; MONEY-LAUNDERING AND ITS PREVENTION 
Malware Infection Index 2016 (By Microsoft)
National CoE in Technology for Internal Security (NCETIS)
Social media
Foreign funds donated to NGOs and organisations
Cyber Crime
Cyber Security/ Cyber Space Intrusion
Cyber Warfare
Draft National Encryption policy 2015
National Cyber Security Policy, 2013
Money Laundering vs Terror Funding/financing
Terror groups like ISIS
Drug Trafficking
Fake Indian Currency Notes (FICN) -  economic terrorism
SECURITY CHALLENGES AND THEIR MANAGEMENT IN BORDER AREAS;  LINKAGES OF ORGANIZED CRIME WITH TERRORISM
Madhukar Gupta Committee (former home secretary) on India-Pakistan Border
India plans 5-layer protection at Pakistan border
CCIT (Comprehensive Convention on Intl Terrorism)
UNSC 2322
Global Terror Database
National Intelligence Grid (NATGRID)
National Counter Terrorism Centre (NCTC)
NATIONAL INVESTIGATION AGENCY (NIA)
Radicalisation
Lone wolf attacks/ Urban Warfare
Border Security Mgmt
Israeli security model
India China - Line of Actual Control (LAC):
India Myanmar
Peace agreement with NSCN-IM
Terrorism/ Pakistan
National Security Doctrine (NSD)
Need for Global Cooperation
Siachen demilitarization issue
Jammu and Kashmir (J&K) unrest/ violence
Strategy to Counter Terrorism
Role of Civil Society/NGO in Combatting Terrorism
Role of Media in Combatting Terrorism
Nuclear Terrorism and India
VARIOUS SECURITY FORCES AND AGENCIES AND THEIR MANDATE
Women in combat role
Multiple forces in border management
Police Reforms
Supreme Court Recommendations (2006) based on Prakash Singh Case
ENVIRONMENT
ENVIRONMENT POLLUTION
AIR
NOISE
WATER
SOIL/SAND
WASTE MANAGEMENT
 Solid Waste Mgmt
 Construction and Demolition Waste Rules 2016
 e-Waste Management Rules 2016
 Plastic Waste Management Rules 2016
Fly Ash
EIA   
ENVIRON CONSERVATION
NGT
COASTAL REGULATION ZONE (CRZ) 1991
MADHAV GADGIL REPORT ON WESTERN GHAT ECOLOGY EXPERTS PANEL:
BIODIVERSITY (CORALS, FLORA, INVASIVE SPECIES, GM) 227
CORAL REEFS
WETLANDS
FLORA AND FAUNA
INVASIVE SPECIES AND EXOTIC WEEDS
GM CROPS
CLIMATE CHANGE, CONVENTIONS
Global Warming - Impacts
CLIMATE SUMMIT
Lima (Peru) CoP - 2014
Paris Agreement COP 21 - 2015
INDC - Intended Nationally determined contributions (COP-21 Paris 2015)
CBDR-RC to INDC
Loss and Damage Provision (under UNFCCC)
Kigali (Rwanda) Amendment 2016
DISASTER MANAGEMENT
RECENT DISASTERS/ACCIDENTS/ISSUES
Kerala Floods 2018
North East Floods 2017 and 2018
Madhya Pradesh / Rajasthan floods
2015 Tamil Nadu floods
2015 Nepal earthquake
2013 Uttarakhand floods 
Uttarakhand Earthquake 2017
2004 Tsunami
2001 Gujarat earthquake
Himalayan Ecosystem
Fire accidents in trains
NATURAL HAZARDS/DISASTERS
Earthquake
Floods
Cloud Burst
Flash floods
Urban flooding
Drought
Forest fires
INDIAS KEY HAZARDS, VULNERABILITIES AND THE CRISIS RESPONSE MECHANISM
Cyclone Shelters
Flood Control and Management
Landslides and Avalanches
DISASTER MANAGEMENT
Evolution of Disaster Management Architecture
Disaster Management Act, 2005
National Policy on Disaster Mgmt (NPDM) - 2009
3 Rs of Disaster Management
Risk Assessment vs Risk Evaluation
NDRF
Community Based Disaster Management
Role of S&T in disaster prevention planning
Most Vulnerable sections in disaster
CONVENTIONS/FRAMEWORK/LAWS/INSTITUTIONS/ COMMITTEES 
2015 Sendai (Japan) Framework for DRR in Asia (SFDRR) 2015 - 2030
National Disaster Management Plan (NDMP) 2016
ENVIRONMENT – PRELIM SPECIFIC
NATIONAL PARK/TIGER RESERVES/
SANCTUARIES
Protected Areas
Buxa Tiger Reserve - North Bengal
Seshachalam biosphere (AP), Chittoor district
Red sanders
Bandipur Reserve (NP and Tiger Reserve)
Telangana Tiger reserves
Rajiv Gandhi National Park /Nagarhole 
Manas National Park
Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary, Kerala
Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, (Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Kerala)
Kudremukh National Park
Cauvery and M.M. Hills wildlife sanctuaries as tiger reserves
Kanha/Pench/Bandhavgarh National Park and Tiger Reserve
Ranthambore National Park 
Saddle Peak National Park
Agasthyamalai Biosphere Reserve
Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve (Tadoba NP) - Chandrapur district, Maharashtra
Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary - Kerala
Panna Tiger Reserve (MP)
National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) gives approval for tiger reserves in
Singalila National Park, Darjeeling
Biligiri Rangaswamy Tiger reserve
Nameri Tiger Reserve (NTR) in Sonitpur district in Assam
Pakke Tiger Reserve (Arunanchal Pradesh)
Palakkad gap/ pass
Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary (WWS)
Bandipur Tiger Reserve/ National Park (Karnataka)
Nagarhole Tiger Reserve
Padmaja Naidu Himalayan Zoological Park - Darjeeling, WB
 Corbett National Park (UK)
 Kaziranga National Park (AS)
 Silent Valley National Park  (KL)
 Nokrek Bio-sphere Reserve (MG)
Wildlife 252
Yellow-eyed penguins
Southern Bird Wing
Nilgiri pipit - VU
NBA (under Biodiversity Act 2002) 
Turtles - IUCN
Black Rhino (Africa ) - CR
Kendrapara (kuji mendha) sheep
Borean Orangutan - CR
Asias first Gyps Vulture Reintroduction Programme
Mahseer fish
Star tortoise
Hawksbill turtle 
Sperm whale
Gangetic river dolphin (EN)
Crocodiles native to India
House sparrow
Himalayan wolf
Himalayan Brown Bear
Yellow Throated Bulbul
Crested serpent eagle
Black Buck
IUCN status
Sangai/Brow-Antlered deer (Manipur) /Elds deer
Black-necked crane
Olive Ridley Turtle
Great Indian Bustard
Sloth Bear
Egyptian vulture
IUCN Red list 2015
Asian Water bird Census (AWC)
INSTITUTIONS/CONVENTIONS/
AGREEMENTS
Animal Welfare Board of India (AWBI)
National Board for Wildlife (NBWL)
Dal Lake
OPERATION THUNDER BIRD
OPERATION SAVE KURMA
LMDC
Green Climate Fund (GCF)
Global Tiger Forum (GTF)
GTI (Global Tiger Initiative) 
South Asia Wildlife Enforcement Network (SAWEN)
Global Environmental Outlook (GEO-6)
The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)
Global Environment Facility (GEF)
The GEF also serves as financial mechanism for the following conventions:
Bombay Natural History Society
Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006 (FRA 2006)
Raptor MoU (Non-binding)
CMS/ Bonn convention
United Nations Environment Programme - UNEP 
CITES
IUCN
World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF)
BirdLife International
Zoological Survey of India
GENERAL 
Henderson island 
Chilika Lagoon, OR
Arsenic in Ground Water
Flourosis
Shailesh Nayak Committee on CRZ
Giant African Snails (molluscs)
Endosulfan
Solar Dome Project, New Town (Rajarhat), West Bengal
Culling of Nilgai / Blue Bull (largest Asian antelope)
Reserve Forest in Gurgaon
Vembanad
Tropical Cyclone Roanu
Biodiversity Finance Initiative (BIOFIN)
The Public Liability Insurance (PLI) Act, 1991
CPCB
Global Urban Ambient Air Pollution Database 2015
Green Bonds
ITEWS
World Meteorological Organisation (WMO) 
Indian Meteorological Dept (IMD)
JAL MANTHAN-2
CORAL Project
AWC (Asian Waterbird Census) programme
Panama Disease
Earth Day - April 22
Upper Wainganga
World’s 1st White Tiger Safari, Madhya Pradesh
Vultures
Green Building Code
Aerosol Optical Depth (AOD)
CEPI (Comprehensive Environment Pollution Index)
CATEGORIZATION OF POLLUTING INDUSTRIES
Short finned pilot whale in news , 45 found dead near Chennai coast - Data Deficient (per IUCN)
National Air Quality Index (NAQI) - 2015
Madhav Gadgil report on Western Ghat Ecology Experts Panel
Swachh-bharat kosh
Banning Oxytoxin drug used for increasing milk production
ISRO satellites to assess coral bleaching
Indian wins Green Oscar
Synthetic Natural Gas (SNG)
Chillai Khurd and Chillai Kalan
Carbon Fertilization effect
Climate Change, Acid Rain, Ozone Depletion 271
India and Climate Change
NAPCC (National Action Plan on Climate change) - underway in India.
National Action Plan for Climate Change (NAPCC):
National Bio-Energy Mission
Biodiesel Purchase Policy
Indian Network on Climate Change Assessment (INCCA)
NATCOM
Energy Conservation Building Code (ECBC)
42nd CAA 1976
Energy saving devices
National Initiative on Climate resilient Agriculture (NICRA)
CLIMATE CHANGE ORGANIZATIONS
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)
Kyoto Protocol 1997 - COP-3
Bali Meet 2007 - COP-13
Copenhagen Summit 2009 - COP-15
Cancun Summit 2010 - COP-16
Durban Summit 2011 - COP-17
Warsaw Summit 2013 - COP-19
Paris Summit 2015 - COP-21
Marrakesh, Morocco Summit 2016 - COP-22
Bonn, Germany - COP 23 - 2017
Other Mechanism of UNFCCC
REDD (Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation)
COP 11 OF CONVENTION ON BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY (CBD) - HYD 2012
Global Environment Facility (GEF)
Climate-Smart Agriculture
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) - HQ - Geneva (Switz)
National Greenhouse Gas Inventories Programme (NGGIP)
ACID RAIN 
OZONE  
CLIMATE CHANGE - MITIGATION STRATEGIES
   
ACTS, POLICIES, INSTITUTIONS, CONVENTIONS, ORGANIZATIONS 298
ACTS AND POLICIES
 Wildlife Protection Act (WPA) 1972
 Environment (Protection) Act 1986 - also EIA under it
 National Forest Policy 1988
 Biological Diversity Act, 2002
 The ST and other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006
 Coastal Regulation Zone (CRZ) 1991
 Shailesh Nayak Committee on CRZ
 Constitutional Provisions: 42nd Amendment
COMMITTEES
T.S.R. Subramanian Committee
INDC - Intended Nationally determined contributions (COP-12, Paris - Dec 2015)
Anchor a International Solar Alliance (ISA)
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