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KIRAN UPSC MAINS GS PAPER-I SHORT NOTES BY IPS VIKAS SANGWAN AIR -123, 2017 ENGLISH(2643)
Ancient and medieval History
Modern History
Post Independence
World History
Art & Culture
Physical Geography
Location f Industries And Resources
Social Issues, Society
CONTENTS : GS-1
INDIAN HERITAGE AND CULTURE, HISTORY AND GEOGRAPHY OF THE WORLD AND SOCIETY ANCIENT AND MEDIEVAL HISTORY
PREHISTORIC PERIOD: PALEOLITHIC AGE, MESOLITHIC AGE, AND CHALCOLITHIC AGE
 Paleolithic Age Art
 Mesolithic period Art:
 Chalcolithic period Art:
INDUS VALLEY CIVILIZATION
 Features of Indus Valley Civilization
 Indus Valley Sites and Specialties
 Harappa
 Mohenjodaro
 Chanhudaro
 Kalibangan
 Lothal
 Ropar
 Banawali
 Dholavira
 Religion of Indus Valley People
 Indus Valley Society and Culture
 Reasons for Decline of Indus Valley Civilization
BUDDHISM AND JAINISM
 Buddhism
 Jainism
 The sangha
 Monasteries
 System of ashramas
MAURYA AND POST MAURYA
 Asoka, The Emperor
 Ruling the empire
 Ashoka’s dhamma
 Villages and Towns
 Traders, Kings and Pilgrims
 Silk Route And Kushans
 Spread of Buddhism
 Bhakti
GUPTA AND POST GUPTA
 Guptas
 Harshavardhana & Harshacharita
 The Pallavas, Chalukyas and Pulakeshin
 Buildings, Paintings and Books
EARLY MEDIEVAL INDIA
 Rajput Kingdoms
 Arab Conquest of Sind (712 A.D.)
 Mahmud of Ghazni and his Invasions
 Mahmud of Ghazni (A.D. 997-1030)
 Muhammad Ghori
 The Battle of Tarain (1191-1192)
 Causes for the failure of Hindu kingdoms
DELHI SULTANATE (1206-1526)
 Slave Dynasty
 Qutbuddin Aibak (1206-1210)
 Iltutmish (1211-1236)
 Raziya (1236-1240)
 Era of Balban (1246-1287)
 Alauddin Khalji (1296-1316)
 Military Campaigns
 The Tughlaq Dynasty (1320-1414)
 Muhammad bin Tughlaq (1325-1351)
Transfer of Capital
Token Currency
 Taxation in Doab
Agricultural Reforms
Rebellions
 Firoz Tughlaq (1351-1388)
Military Campaigns
Administrative Reforms
 Sayyids (1414-1451)
 Lodis (1451-1526)
INDIA UNDER THE DELHI SULTANATE
 Administration
 Central Government
Local Administration
 Economy
 Social Life
 Art and Architecture
 Music
 Literature
BHAKTI AND SUFI MOVEMENT
 Brahminism vs Buddhism/Jainism vs Devotional Paths (Bhaktism, Sufism, and Sikhism)
 Bhakti cult
 Nayanars and Alvars
 Philosophy and Bhakti
 Basavanna’s Virashaivism
 Saints of Maharashtra
 Nathpanthis, Siddhas, and Yogis
 Saint Kabir
 Sufi Movement and Islam
 Baba Guru Nanak (1469-1539) and Sikhism
VIJAYANAGAR AND BAHMANI KINGDOMS
 Vijayanagar Empire
 Krishna Deva Raya (1509 – 1530)
 Bahmani Kingdom
 Mahmud Gawan
THE MUGHAL EMPIRE
 Babur (1526-1530)
 Humayun (1530-1540)
 Sur dynasty Interregnum (1540-1555)
 Humayun (1555-1556)
 Akbar (1556-1605)
 Jahangir (1605-1627)
 Shah Jahan (1627-1658)
 Aurangazeb (1658-1707)
 Causes for the Downfall of the Mughals
INDIA UNDER THE MUGHALS
 Economic and Social Life
 Mughal Nobility
 Rural Masses
 Agriculture
 Growth of Trade
 Cultural Development under the Mughals
 Art and Architecture
 Paintings and Music
 Language and Literature
THE MARATHAS
 The Rise of the Marathas
 Shivaji (1627-1680): His Life and Conquests
 Shivaji’s Administration
 The Peshwas (1713-1818)
 Balaji Viswanath (1713-1720)
Baji Rao I (1720-1740)
Balaji Baji Rao (1740-1761)
THE COMING OF EUROPEANS
 The Portuguese
 The Dutch
 The English
 The French
 Anglo-French Rivalry
 The Carnatic Wars
 Establishment of British Power in Bengal
LAND REVENUE SYSTEMS UNDER BRITISH RULE
 Before British Rule
 Zamindari System
 Ryotwari System
 Mahalwari System
 Land Reforms in India After Independence
MODERN HISTORY
INDIA IN THE EIGHTEENTH CENTURY
 Bahadur Shah 1 (1707-12)
 Jahandar Shah (1712-13)
 Farrukh Siyar (1713-19)
 Muhammad Shah ‘Rangeela’ (1719-1748)
 Nadir Shah’s Invasion (1738)
 Ahmed Shah Abdali
 Shah Alam II 1759
 Decline of the Mughal Empire
 Hyderabad and the Carnatic
 Bengal
 Awadh
 Mysore
 Kerala
 Rajput States
Jats
 Sikhs
 Marathas
SARANJAMI SYSTEM : ADMINISTRATIVE ORGANIZATION OF THE BRITISH
 Army
 Police
 Judiciary
 Civil Cases
 Criminal Cases
 William Bentinck
 Spread of Modern Education
 Major drawbacks of the English education system:
 Development of Education
INDIAN NATINOAL MOVEMENT
REVOLT OF 1857
CIVIL REBELLIONS AND TRIBAL UPRISINGS
PEASANT UPRISINGS
WHY DID NATIONAL MOVEMENT ARISE?
RISE OF INDIAN NATIONAL CONGRESS
INDIAN NATIONAL CONGRESS
CONTRIBUTION OF EARLY NATIONALISTS METHODS OF WORK OF EARLY NATIONALISTS
SOCIO-RELIGIOUS REFORMS
ECONOMICAL ANALYSIS OF BRITISH INDIA
FREEDOM OF PRESS
B G TILAK
EXECUTIVE COUNCIL
THE SWADESHI MOVEMENT: 1903-1908
PARTITION OF BENGAL
THE SWADESHI MOVEMENT
REVOLUTIONARY TERR