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Kiran’s UPSC Mains GS Paper III Short Notes English
Vikas Sangwal (IPS 2017 Batch)
Economy
Infra and Energy
Agriculture
Technology and BIO Science
Space and Defence
Internal Security
Environment
Disaster Management
INDIAN ECONOMY
Fact sheet
UNCTAD - World Investment Report 2016
WEF - Global Competitiveness Report 2016
Subsidy (Food, Fertilizer, Petroleum)
Masala bonds
INDIAN ECONOMY/POLICIES/ISSUES
Indian Economy state
India’s edge over China
Fall in exports
4th Industrial Revolution
National Capital Goods Policy (2016-2025)
Tax-to-GDP ratio
Municipal bonds
Disinvestment Policy
NITI Aayog reco
National Investment Fund (into Public Account of India)
India’s Export performance
FOREIGN TRADE POLICY 2015-2020
Steps to boost exports
Subsidies for well-offs
INT’L ECONOMY AND ITS EFFECTS
Globalisation in threat
Causes of low global growth
US Fed interest rates and its impact
Oil Imports, ‘falling prices’ and its effects
Yuan added to Reserve currency basket (anchor currency)
Global Excess steel Capacity
Market Economy Status (MES)
US Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act (FATCA)
ECONOMY AND BUSINESS REFORMS
Opening economy to bring FDI
FDI reforms
Ease of doing ranking
100% FDI in e-commerce retail
100% FDI in Single brand Retail (30% local sourcing criteria)
India’s New GDP Series 2011-12 by CSO
Gold Schemes - 2015
FISCAL AND MONETARY POLICY
Monetary Policy reforms
Monetary Policy Committee (MPC)
Public Debt Mgmt (moving away from RBI)
Marginal (variable) Cost of funds based Lending Rate (MCLR)
FCNR (Foreign Currency Non-Resident) Account
Fiscal Discipline and to grow or not to grow?
FRBM Act 2003
TAXATION
Income (direct) tax
Report of Tax Administration Reforms Commission (TARC) headed by Dr. Parthsarathi Shome
Double Taxation Avoidance Agreements (DTAA)/ Double non-taxation/ Tax avoidance
Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS) Project
Transfer Pricing
Participatory Notes or P-Notes or PN / ODI
Income Declaration Scheme (IDS)/ unearth Black Money Scheme 2016
Demonetization of 500/1000 Rs note
Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojana, 2016
Advanced Pricing Agreement (APA)
Exit Policy for sick Units
BANKING AND FINANCIAL INCLUSION
Non Performing Assets (NPA)
Reasons behind NPA bubble
Steps taken to tackle NPA
SARFAESI Act 2002
P J Nayak Committee 2014 ( Report on governance of banks’ boards)
Raghuram Rajan Committee - 2008
B.N. Srikrishna Committee- 2013
The twin balance sheet (TBS) syndrome
Corporate Bond Market
MUDRA Bank (a subsidiary of Small Industries Development Bank of India - SIDBI)
Payment Bank
The India Post Payment Bank (IPPB)
Bandhan Banks
Regional Rural Bank (RRB)
Priority Sector Lending (PSL)
PSB Consolidation and Merger
Govt Debt-to-GDP ratio
Financial Inclusion
Financial Inclusion Models
Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana (PMJDY)
Shift from Cash to electronic payments/Cashless economy/ Less Cash
Moving to Digital Currencies
Report of Committee on Digital Payments - R P Watal
Unified Payment Interface (UPI)
e-wallets
INDUSTRIAL POLICY AND INDUSTRIES
National Manufacturing Policy (NMP) 2011 under Make in India
Technology Acquisition and Development Fund (TADF)
ZED scheme (Zero Defect Zero Effect)
MSME sector / Small firms don’t grow big
Apparel/textile Sector
Incentives to Textiles sector (Tax and output based incentives)
Leather industry
SEZ
Need for an Industrial Policy to stimulate domestic job creation
SIDE ECONOMY (E-COMMERCE)
STARTUP/ E BIZ
StandUp India Scheme (timeline 3 yrs)
Atal Innovation Mission (AIM) and Self Employment and Talent Utilisation (SETU) by NITI
PHARMA
Indian Generic Pharma
National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority (NPPA)
Katoch Committee on Bulk drugs / Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients (API)
SEZ
COMMISSIONS
TAX/OTHER DISPUTES/ TAX TERRORISM
Tax Terrorism
GAAR : General Anti-Avoidance Rules
Vodafone-Hutchison tax case
India as global arbitration Hub
Antrix-Devas Case
GROWTH, DEVELOPMENT AND EMPLOYMENT;
INCLUSIVE GROWTH; GOVT BUDGETING
Unemployment and its types
GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT
Jobless Growth
Structural changes India’s emp structure
Integration with Global economy
Policy Reforms - Economic Growth - Social Welfare
INCLUSIVE GROWTH
BUDGETING
Merger of Railway Budget with General budget
Advancement of the Budget presentation
Merger of Plan and Non Plan classification in Budget and Accounts
Gender Budgeting (GB)
IPR, INNOVATION, OTHERS
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS
World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO) - HQ Geneva
Intellectual property rights
National IPR Policy 2016 - ”Creative India - Innovative India” by CIPAM, DIPP
Delhi HC verdict on Photocopy shops vs Copyright Act 1957 (writers) Rameshwari Photocopy case
Compulsory License/ Compulsory Drug Licensing - section 84 of Patents Act 1970
INFRASTRUCTURE
GENERAL/ INFRASTRUCTURE/INVESTMENT MODELS
Hybrid Annuity Model
Swiss Challenge Method
Government has introduced Hybrid Annuity Model (HAM) to reju