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UPSC Mains GS Paper 2 Short Notes

Kiran UPSC Mains GS Paper 2 Short Notes (Hindi) (2905)
Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International Relation
GS Paper-II
Indian Constitution and Polity
भारतीय संविधान ऐतिहासिक आधार विकास विशेषताएं महत्वपूर्ण प्रावधान एवं आधारिक मूल संरचना
Indian Secularism
Federalism and issues
Recent Issues
Federal Structure
Co-operative Federalism
Competitive Federalism
Way forward
Recommendations
Should Governor be impeached like judges?
Equal Representation of States in the Rajya Sabha
Inter-state Water conflicts: constitutional and legal framework
Sarkaria Commission Observations and Recommendations
Inter-state Water Dispute Amendment Act, 2002
Satluj-Yamuna link Haryana-Punjab dispute
Ravi-Beas River dispute issue
Kaveri dispute
Lessons from Tribunal Experience & Suggestions
Inter-state River Water Amendment Act-2017
Need of Rajya Sabha
Concerns
Constitutional view
Criticism
International Comparison
Judicial pronouncement
अनुच्छेद-370 का निरसन और जम्मू-कश्मीर का पुर्नगठन
Art-35A
Provisions for Identification
Local Governance
MPLADS
73rd & 74th Constitution Amendment-Issue of Women Representation
Some provisions to augment financial resources of municipalities
Mayor Direct election of Mayor
Present position
Why needed
Urban Planning and Local Democracy
Fundamental Issues
5th and 6th Schedule
Executive, Legislative and Seperation of power
Issues Related to Executive
Power of Lieutenant Governors in UTs
Misuse of Ordinance Making Power
Legislative Councils
PIL
Background
Examples of PIL and Judicial activism
Judicial Activism
Why Judicial Activism is good?
Issues of Judicial overreach
Judges Appointment
Constitutional Provisions
Evolution of Collegium
Arguments against Collegium
Reforms Suggested for Collegium
NJAC 2014
SC Verdict
Memorandum of Procedure MOP for Appointment of Judges
Removal of Judges
Issues with Impeachment of Judges
Recent Issue
Issues of Judiciary
Steps Taken
Reforms needed
Alternative Dispute Redressal
Tools
Issue of Increasing 'tribunalisation of courts in India
Need for all Indian Judicial Service
Elections, RPA-1951
Model Code of Conduct
Evolution
Benefits of making MCC statutory under RPA
Implications of Statutory backing
None of the Above NOTA-Negative Voting
Insights into NOTA Pattern
Funding Reform Attempts/Money Power
Budget 2017: Election Reforms Proposed
Electoral Reforms
Constitutional, Statutory, Quasi-judicial and Regulatory Bodies
Constitutional Bodies
CAG
Other audit initiatives by CAG
Big Data Management Policy-2016
Statutory, Quasi-judicial and Other Bodies
Statutory
Quasi-Judicial
CVC
Appointment
Powers, Functions and Responsibilities
Current Issues
Way Forward
The National Human Rights Commission- NHRC
Powers and Functions
Positive Points of NHRC
Negative Points of NHRC
Quasi-Judicial Bodies
NCDRC
NCDRC National Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission
NGT- National Green Tribunal
Regulatory Bodies
Need for Independent Regulatory Bodies and Suggested Reforms
Four Set of Justification for Regulatory Interventions
Regulation of NGOs
Films and TV
Role of Cinema in shaping cultural Identity of Nation
Governance and Social Justice
Government, E-Government and Citizen Charters
What is Governance
Transparency, Accountability, Participation TAP and its need
Transparency
Accountability
Is Transparency a sacrosanet Privilege?
Measures to hold accountability
Citizen's participation in development process
e-Governance
Applications
र्ई-शासन के मॉडल
Some Successful Models
Challenges
Is e-Gov. sufficient for Good Governance
Good Governance
Challenges to Good Governance
M-Governance
Sectors Where it is helpful
Challenges
Citizen Charter
Features/Objective
Issues related to citizen charters
Suggestions by 2nd ARC
Way Ahead
Latest Developments
PRAGATI- Pro-Active Governance and Timely Implementation
DIP Digital India Programme
Vision
Key Projects
Challenges
PDS and MGNREGS
IT आधारित PDS नेटवर्क PDSN नीलकानी कमेटी की संस्तुतियाँ
National Optical Fibre Network
National e-Governance Plan-NeGP
Integrated MMPs
Role of Civil Services in Democracy
Imporatance and Functions Performed by Civil Servants
2nd ARC observations/concerns about civil Services
Required Reforms
Recommendations by 2nd ARC: 10th Report
Prosecution of Civil Servants
Background
Article-311
Article-309 & Article-310
Balanced Approach
2nd ARC Recommendations Disciplinary Proceedings Art-311
Central Civil Services Conduct Rules 1964
Domain based Lateral Entry in Higher Civil Services
Complusory retirement of non performing Civil servants
Exit Mechanism in Civil Services
Motivating Civil Servants 2nd ARC
NGO, SHG
Social Welfare and Justice
HR, Skills, Youth, Employment and Sports 119
Senior Citizens
Education
Healthcare
Bills
Landmark Judicial Decisions
Minorities, SC/ST, OBC and Others
Criminal